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Domesday Book


The Domesday Book was commisioned in December 1085 by William the Conquerer. The first draft was completed in August 1086 and contained records for 13,418 settlements in the English counties south of the rivers Ribble and Tees (the border with Scotland at the time). The record is believed to have been commissioned to confirm potential tax revenues and therefore how much Danegeld might be available to pay off any marauding Danish armies. Records for Norfolk, Suffolk and Essex were not included in the main collection but are listed instead in a separate "Little Domesday Book" probably because these counties were the final locations for the commisioners' work and King William died before all the records had been given to the principal scribe.

There are many references to Taverham in the Little Domesday Book as it was then also the name of one of the 33 Norfolk "Hundreds", which were the old territorial divisions of the country introduced by King Alfred 200 years before Domesday. Each Hundred had its own court with monthly hearings and was itself usually subdivided into 100 "hides", each of which had to produce one man-at-arms for the king's army.

The Hundred of Taverham included the villages of Attlebridge, Beeston St.Andrew, Catton, Crostwick, Drayton, Felthorpe, Frettenham, Hainford, Hellesdon (part), Horsham St. Faiths, Horsford, Horstead, Newton St. Faiths, Rackheath, Salhouse, Spixworth, Sprowston, Taverham itself and Wroxham.

Courtesy of Mr E.C.Apling the following are the entries in the Little Domesday Book for the villages of Drayton and Taverham:


DRAYTON

20  LAND OF R(ALPH) OF BEAUFOUR

   The Hundred of Taverham
   26   Aldwulf, a free man, held DRAYTON before 1066, 2 c. of land.
        Now Oder holds.
           Always 7 villagers; 8 smallholders. Then 3 slaves.
           Always 1 plough in lordship; 3 men's ploughs; 1 plough could
               be restored. Meadow, 10 acres; woodland, 3 pigs; 1 cob;
               2 head of cattle; 14 pigs.  Then 180 sheep, now 60. Then
               60 goats.
           Also 2 Freemen, 22 acres of land.
               Then  plough. 1 church, 8 acres;
        value 16d.
        Value then 40s; now 50.
           It has 1 league in length and  in width, tax of 8d,
           The King and the Earl (have) the jurisdiction.


TAVERHAM

1  [LAND OF THE KING]

   The Hundred of TAVERHAM
   55  In TAVERHAM Hrold held 1 outlier before 1066 1 c. of land and 2
acres,
       an outlier (int he lands of) Cawston.
          Always 2 villagewrs; 4 smallholders.
          Always 1 plough in lordship;  men's plough.
          Meadow, 10 acres; woodland, 10 pifs; always 1 mills.
             Always 2 cobs.
       This is in the valuation of Cawston.  Before 1066 13 Freemen
       appertained to this manor, 2c. of land and 21 acres; these
       Walter Gifford holds.

4  LANDS OF COUNT ALAN

   The Hundred of TAVERHAM
   33  In TAVERHAM Thorbert, 1 free man, held 1c. of land before 1066.
          Always 3 villagers; 3 smallholders.
          Always 1 plough in lordship;  men's plough; meadow, 5 acres;
             woodland, 5 pigs.
       Value then and now 20s.  Haimer holds.

8  LANDS OF WILLIAM OF WARENNE

   The Hundred of TAVERHAM
   7   In TAVERHAM Toki, a free man, held as a manor before 1066, 1 c.
       of land.
          Always 6 villagers; 6 smallholders; 1 slave.
          Then and later 1 plough in lordship, now 2.  Then and later
             1 men's ploughs, now 2.  Meadow, 10 acres; woodland,
             5 pigs;  of 1 mill;  of a church, 3 acres/ 1 cobs. Then 4
             head of cattle, now 7.  Then 8 pigs, now 40.  Then 40 sheep,
             now 300.
       Value then and later 30s; now 40s.
          This is of the Holding of Frederic. It has l leagues in length
       and 1 league in width, it pays 17d towards the King's tax,
       whoever holds there.

LAND OF THE BISHOP OF THETFORD BELONGING TO THE BISHOPRIC BEFORE 1066
10    LAND OF BISHOP WILLIAM

   Hundred of TAVERHAM
   36  In TAVERHAM 1 free woman before 1066 held  c. of land.
          Then 3 villages; 2 smallholders.
          Always 1 plough in lordship.  Then and later  men's plough.
             Meadow, 5 acres; woodland, 2 pigs.
          Then 3 Freemen; 13 acres of land; now 1 Freeman. Then  plough.
       Value then 12s; now 20s.

10a  LANDS OF ST. MICHAEL OF NORWICH

   Hundred of TAVERHAM
   1  In TAVERHAM St. M(ichael) held 1 c. of land before 1066, and
      Stigand under him.
          Always 4 villagers; 2 small holders.
          Always 1 plough in lordship; 1 men's plough,
          4 Freemen, 12 acres of land.
              Meadow, always 8 acres; woodland, 12 pigs.
      Value 20s.

20  LAND OF R(ALPH) OF BEAUFOUR

  The Hundred of Taverham
  27  In TAVERHAM he also holds 1 c. of land which Ulf held before
      1066.
          Always 4 villagers; 3 smallholders.
          Always 1 plough in lordship; 1 men's plough; meadow, 10 acres;
             woodland, 5 pigs;  of a mill.
          Also 5 Freemen, 13 acres of land.
             Always 1 plough in lordship; 2 cobs; 1 head of cattle. Now
             12 pigs; 60 sheep.
      Value then and later 20s; now 30,
           of 1 church, 15 acres;
      value 16d.


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